Difference between Ultrasonic Nebulizer and Nebulizer Compressor

by ClinicalGuard.com Technical Team

Difference between Ultrasonic Nebulizer and Nebulizer Compressor

What is nebulizer?

A nebulizer machine is a device used to administer medication to people in the form of a mist inhaled into the lungs. It is commonly used in treating cystic fibrosis, asthma, and other respiratory diseases.

What is different between A Ultrasonic Nebulizer and Nebulizer Compressor

There are several different types of nebulizers. The most common nebulizer supplies is the Jet nebulizer. Jet nebulizers are connected by tubing to a compressed air source that causes air or oxygen to blast at high velocity through a liquid medicine to turn it into an aerosol, which is then inhaled by the patient. Sometimes doctors will prescribe a patient the use of an inhaler because they are more convenient than a nebulizer. Because a nebulizer compressor is attached to an air compressor treatment may be very loud and can make the treatment experience more uncomfortable. Due to the inaudibility of ultrasonic waves unheard by human ears, an ultrasonic nebulizer would be more ideal to have in the home; the noise level during operation is much lower than that of an air compressing nebulizer. You do not have to interrupt your activity during the treatment cycle.

What kind of medications could we use and How does they work?

There are several different types of medications. The most common medication is Albuterol (also known as Proventil or Ventolin). It is what is called a "bronchodilator". It is basically a muscle relaxer for your airways. Your airways are like tubes. They have muscles surrounding them. These muscles can constrict or even spasm (bronchospasm). A bronchodilator helps your airway muscles to relax, causing your airways to literally open up. After use with corticosteroids, it is theoretically possible for patients to develop a yeast infection in the mouth (thrush) or hoarseness of voice (dysphonic), although these conditions are clinically very rare. To avoid these adverse effects, some clinicians suggest that the person who used the nebulizer should rinse his or her mouth. This is not true for bronchodilators; however, patients may still wish to rinse their mouths due to the unpleasant taste of some bronchodilating drugs. A second type of medication is a muclytic, like Mucomyst. This medication helps to break up the bonds in mucous to make it easier to cough out secretions. Sometimes the airways can become swollen inside and have mucous in them. This happens with a lot of asthmatics as well as people with chronic lung diseases. Usually, the aerosolized medicine is inhaled through a tube-like mouthpiece, similar to that of an inhaler. The mouthpiece or nebulizer mask, however, is sometimes replaced with a face mask, similar to that used for inhaled anesthesia, for ease of use with young children or the elderly, although mouthpieces are preferable if patients are able to use them since facemasks result in reduced lung delivery because of aerosol losses in the nose.

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This article was published on Thursday 25 December, 2008.

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